Group Desertification and Geo-ecology

The Desertification and Geo-Ecology Group funded in 1989, is concerned with the interactive relationship between geomorphological processes, soil evolution, and vegetation in arid and semi-arid environments. The main activities of the group are: (a) surface hydrology, soil morphology, evolution and erosion, and plant ecophysiology; (b) the response of semiarid ecosystems to climate change and human activities; and (c) the conservation of natural resources and sustainable development. The Group works at several scales: plot, hillslope, micro-catchment and basins. Research methods range from detailed analysis of processes in semiarid areas equipped with specific instrumentation (eddy covariance towers, meteorological and hydrological stations), to the use of geographic information systems and remote sensing, geo-statistic methods and spatial analysis, and soil micromorphology. The group manages and maintains three field stations with scientific infrastructure in the Betic region with different lithologies: mica schist (Rambla Honda), gypsiferous mudstone (El Cautivo) and calcrete (Cabo de Gata).

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Ongoing projects
  1. Proyecto Liderado | Periodo: 2019 / 2022 | Financiador: CSIC

    Desertificación y degradación de tierras en Mauritania

    IP: Gabriel del Barrio Escribano | PARTICIPANTES: Marieta Sanjuan Martínez, Sergio Rodríguez González

    Abstract: Los territorios llamados 'secos' (índice de aridez AI de FAO-UNEP < 0.65) ocupan el 54% de la superficie terrestre, y albergan aproximadamente 2E09 personas. De ellos, los subhúmedos secos, semiáridos y áridos (AI = 0.2 - 0.65) reciben el foco principal de la Convención de Naciones Unidas para la Lucha contra la Desertificación (CNULD). Sin embargo, los desiertos (hiperárido con AI < 0.2) permanecen sin valorar debido a que contienen menos población humana vulnerable, a los retos científicos que... mas info...

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Members
Nombre Apellidos Categoría Ext.
Investigadores de Plantilla
Francisco Domingo Poveda [Investigador Científico] 314
Gabriel del Barrio Escribano www [Científico Titular] 333
Albert Solé Benet www [Científico Titular] 321
Roberto Lázaro Suau [Científico Titular]
Sergio Rodríguez González [Científico Titular] 415
Personal Técnico
Marieta Sanjuan Martínez www [Contratado con cargo a proyecto] 756
Estancias Temporales
Consuelo Rubio Gómez-Roso [Permiso de estancia] 754

Latest publications
  1. Impact of Desert Dust Events on the Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis - Domínguez-Rodríguez,A. , Báez-Ferrer,N. , Abreu-González,P. , Rodriguez, S. , Díaz,R. , Avanzas,P. , Hernández-Vaquero,D. - Journal Clinical Medicine, 10(4), 727 - 2021. Scopus
  2. A dataset with complete geographic distributions of eight zonal monospecific forest types in mainland Spain - Sánchez de Dios, R. , Sanjuán, M. E. , Sainz, H , Ruiz, A. , Martínez Valderrama, J. , del Barrio, G. - Data in Brief, Volume 34, , Art nº106681 - 2021. Scopus
  3. Assessing the sensitivity of a Mediterranean commercial rangeland to droughts under climate change scenarios by means of a multidisciplinary integrated model - Martínez Valderrama, J. , Ibáñez, J , Ibáñez, M.A , Alcalá, F.J. , Sanjuán, M. E. , Ruiz, A. , del Barrio, G. - Agricultural Systems, 187, art. no. 103021. - 2021. Scopus
  4. Tracking the changes of iron solubility and air pollutants traces as African dust transits the Atlantic in the Saharan dust outbreaks - Rodriguez, S. , J.M. Prospero , J. López-Darias , et al - Atmospheric Environment, v 246, - 2021. Scopus
  5. The pervasive and multifaceted influence of biocrusts on water in the world's drylands - David J. Eldridge , Sasha Reed , Samantha K. Travers , Matthew A. Bowker , Fernando T. Maestre , Jingyi Ding , Caroline Havrilla , E. Rodríguez - Global Change Biology, Volume26, Issue10 Pages 6003-6014 - 2020. Scopus
  6. Air pollution is intimately linked to global climate change: change in Cardiovascular Disease Statistics 2019 - Alberto Dominguez Rodríguez , Rodriguez, S. , Sergio Rodríguez , Hernández Vaquero,D. - European heart journal, 14;41(27):2601. - 2020. Scopus
  7. Abrupt fragmentation thresholds of eight zonal forest types in mainland Spain - del Barrio, G. , Sainz,H. , Sanjuán, M. E. , Sánchez de Dios,R. , Martínez Valderrama, J. , Ruiz, A. - Forest Ecology and Management, - 2020. Scopus
  8. Relationship of weather types on the seasonal and spatial variability of rainfall, runoff, and sediment yield in the western Mediterranean basin - Peña-Angulo, D. , Nadal-Romero, E. , González-Hidalgo, J.C. , Albaladejo, J. , Andreu, V. , Barhi, H. , Solé-Benet, A. , Lázaro,R. , Bernal, S. , Biddoccu, M. , Bienes, R. , Campo, J. , Campo-Bescós, M.A. , Canatário-Duarte, A. , Cantón,Y. - Atmosphere, vol11, iss6 - 2020. Scopus
  9. Prokaryotic Community Composition and Extracellular Polymeric Substances Affect Soil Microaggregation in Carbonate Containing Semiarid Grasslands - Zethof, J.H.T. , Bettermann, A. , Vogel, C. , Babin, D. , Cammeraat, E.L.H. , Solé-Benet, A. , Lázaro,R. , Luna, L. , Nesme, J. , Woche, S.K. , Sørensen, S.J. , Smalla, K. , Kalbitz, K. - Frontiers in Environmental Science, 8,11 - 2020. Scopus
  10. Long-term effects of two organic amendments on bacterial communities of calcareous mediterranean soils degraded by mining - Rodríguez-Berbel, N.a , Ortega, R.a , Lucas-Borja, M.E.b , Solé-Benet, A. , Miralles, I - Journal of Environmental Management, 271, 110920 - 2020. Scopus
  11. Impact of Saharan dust exposure on airway inflammation in patients with ischemic heart disease - Alberto Dominguez-Rodriguez , Rodriguez, S. , Nestor Baez-Ferrer , Pedro Abreu-Gonzalez , Juan Abreu-Gonzalez , Pablo Avanzas , Manuel Carnero , Cesar Moris , Jessica López-Darias , Daniel Hernández-Vaquero - Translational Research, - 2020. Scopus
  12. Long-term effects of two organic amendments on bacterial communities of calcareous mediterranean soils degraded by mining - N.Rodríguez-Berbel , R.Ortega , M.E.Lucas-Borja , Solé-Benet, A. , I.Miralles - Journal of Environmental Management, Volume 271, 1 October 2020, 110920 - 2020. Scopus
  13. Biocrusts buffer against the accumulation of soil metallic nutrients induced by warming and rainfall reduction - E. Moreno-Jiménez , R. Ochoa-Hueso , C. Plaza , S. Aceña-Heras , M. Flagmeier , F.Z. Elouali , V. Ochoa , B. Gozalo , Lázaro,R. , F.T. Maestre - Communications Biology, 3,325 - 2020. Scopus
  14. Impact of Saharan dust on the incidence of acute coronary syndrome - Domínguez-Rodríguez, A , Rodriguez, S. , Baez-Ferrer,N , et al - Revista Española de Cardiología, - 2020. Scopus
  15. Are coastal desert necessarily dew desert? An example from the Tabernas Desert - Kidron, G.J , Lázaro,R. - Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, 68(1): 19-27 - 2020.

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[Tesis Dirigidas y TFM/TFG]

Relacion de Tesis dirigidas por miembros del grupo de Desertification and Geo-ecology durante los últimos 5 años. Puede ver un relación completa de Tesis y otros Trabajos dirigidos en el link inferior.

Tesis
Ana López Ballesteros

Dirección: Francisco Domingo Penélope Serrano

"Determinación de la capacidad de asimilación de CO2 de ecosistemas del sureste de España"

2017 Universidad de Granada GEOE

Tesis
Lourdes Luna Ramos

Dirección: Albert Solé Benet, Isabel Miralles Mellado

"Restauración de canteras en roca calcárea en clima semiárido"

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2016 Universidad de Almería GEOE

TFM
Cayetana Gascón Ramos

Dirección: Roberto Lazaro

"Influencia de las costras físicas y biológicas del Desierto de Tabernas (Almería) en la escorrentía y erosión bajo condiciones de lluvia simuladas"

2019 U.Autónoma de Madrid y U.Complutense de Madrid GEOE

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Address

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Tel: (+34) 950951120 Tel: (+34) 950281045 Fax: (+34) 950277100 ISN: 0*1592 sip: 120000@eeza.csic.es Skype: voip.eeza

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