Group Desertification and Geo-ecology

The Desertification and Geo-Ecology Group funded in 1989, is concerned with the interactive relationship between geomorphological processes, soil evolution, and vegetation in arid and semi-arid environments. The main activities of the group are: (a) surface hydrology, soil morphology, evolution and erosion, and plant ecophysiology; (b) the response of semiarid ecosystems to climate change and human activities; and (c) the conservation of natural resources and sustainable development. The Group works at several scales: plot, hillslope, micro-catchment and basins. Research methods range from detailed analysis of processes in semiarid areas equipped with specific instrumentation (eddy covariance towers, meteorological and hydrological stations), to the use of geographic information systems and remote sensing, geo-statistic methods and spatial analysis, and soil micromorphology. The group manages and maintains three field stations with scientific infrastructure in the Betic region with different lithologies: mica schist (Rambla Honda), gypsiferous mudstone (El Cautivo) and calcrete (Cabo de Gata).

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Ongoing projects
  1. Proyecto Liderado | Periodo: 2019 / 2022 | Financiador:

    Desertificación y degradación de tierras en Mauritania

    IP: Gabriel del Barrio Escribano | PARTICIPANTES: Marieta Sanjuan Martínez, Sergio Rodríguez González

    Abstract: Los territorios llamados 'secos' (índice de aridez AI de FAO-UNEP < 0.65) ocupan el 54% de la superficie terrestre, y albergan aproximadamente 2E09 personas. De ellos, los subhúmedos secos, semiáridos y áridos (AI = 0.2 - 0.65) reciben el foco principal de la Convención de Naciones Unidas para la Lucha contra la Desertificación (CNULD). Sin embargo, los desiertos (hiperárido con AI < 0.2) permanecen sin valorar debido a que contienen menos población humana vulnerable, a los retos científicos que... mas info...

  2. Proyecto Liderado | Periodo: 2016 / 2020 | Financiador: Plan Nacional de I+D+I

    Dinámica de Biocostras

    IP: Roberto Lázaro Suau | PARTICIPANTES: Albert Solé Benet, Francisco Domingo Poveda, Gabriel del Barrio Escribano

    Abstract: Las costras biológicas del suelo (BSC) son comunidades de microorganismos, líquenes, briófitos y hongos que tienen importantes funciones ecológicas en las zonas áridas (afectan a la hidrología, intercambio gaseoso, fisicoquímica del suelo, reclutamiento de las plantas…), por lo que es importante conocer su distribución. Y como los factores que la controlan (microclima, estabilidad y características del sustrato…) son dinámicos las BSC lo son también, y conocer su dinámica es crucial por sus cons... mas info...

  3. Proyecto Participado | Periodo: 2016 / 2020 | Financiador: European Space Agency

    Advanced remote sensing methods for land degradation assessment by coupling vegetation productivity and climate in drylands

    | PARTICIPANTES: Gabriel del Barrio Escribano

    Abstract: Land degradation is a process by which the land productive capacity declines or even is completely lost under the influence of natural forces and human activities. The scope of land degradation has become global in the last decades, which compromises sustainable land management and threatens the safety of food production. Assessment and monitoring of land degradation based on Earth Observation make the most accepted scientific basis for controlling land degradation. Objectives:(1)To develop ... mas info...

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Members
Nombre Apellidos Categoría Ext.
Investigadores de Plantilla
Francisco Domingo Poveda [Investigador Científico] 314
Gabriel del Barrio Escribano www [Científico Titular] 333
Albert Solé Benet www [Científico Titular] 321
Roberto Lázaro Suau [Científico Titular]
Sergio Rodríguez González [Científico Titular] 415
Investigadores Post-Doctorales
Lourdes Luna Ramos [Contratado con cargo a proyecto] 792
Investigadores en Formación
Mª Rosario Moya Jiménez [Predoctoral FPU] 740
Personal Técnico
Clément López [Contratado con cargo a proyecto] 729
Marieta Sanjuan Martínez www [Contratado con cargo a proyecto] 756
Estancias Temporales
Leila Jowkar [Permiso de estancia] 788
Consuelo Rubio Gómez-Roso [Permiso de estancia] 754

Latest publications
  1. Relationship of weather types on the seasonal and spatial variability of rainfall, runoff, and sediment yield in the western Mediterranean basin - Peña-Angulo, D. , Nadal-Romero, E. , González-Hidalgo, J.C. , Albaladejo, J. , Andreu, V. , Barhi, H. , Solé-Benet,A. , Lázaro,R. , Bernal, S. , Biddoccu, M. , Bienes, R. , Campo, J. , Campo-Bescós, M.A. , Canatário-Duarte, A. , Cantón, Y. - Atmosphere, vol11, iss6 - 2020. Scopus
  2. Prokaryotic Community Composition and Extracellular Polymeric Substances Affect Soil Microaggregation in Carbonate Containing Semiarid Grasslands - Zethof, J.H.T. , Bettermann, A. , Vogel, C. , Babin, D. , Cammeraat, E.L.H. , Solé-Benet,A. , Lázaro,R. , Lourdes Luna , Nesme, J. , Woche, S.K. , Sørensen, S.J. , Smalla, K. , Kalbitz, K. - Frontiers in Environmental Science, 8,11 - 2020. Scopus
  3. Long-term effects of two organic amendments on bacterial communities of calcareous mediterranean soils degraded by mining - Rodríguez-Berbel, N.a , Ortega, R.a , Lucas-Borja, M.E.b , Solé-Benet,A. , Miralles, I - Journal of Environmental Management, 271, 110920 - 2020. Scopus
  4. Impact of Saharan dust exposure on airway inflammation in patients with ischemic heart disease - Alberto Dominguez-Rodriguez , , Nestor Baez-Ferrer , Pedro Abreu-Gonzalez , Juan Abreu-Gonzalez , Pablo Avanzas , Manuel Carnero , Cesar Moris , Jessica López-Darias , Daniel Hernández-Vaquero - Translational Research, - 2020. Scopus
  5. Long-term effects of two organic amendments on bacterial communities of calcareous mediterranean soils degraded by mining - N.Rodríguez-Berbel , R.Ortega , M.E.Lucas-Borja , Solé-Benet,A. , I.Miralles - Journal of Environmental Management, Volume 271, 1 October 2020, 110920 - 2020. Scopus
  6. Biocrusts buffer against the accumulation of soil metallic nutrients induced by warming and rainfall reduction - E. Moreno-Jiménez , R. Ochoa-Hueso , C. Plaza , S. Aceña-Heras , M. Flagmeier , F.Z. Elouali , V. Ochoa , B. Gozalo , Lázaro,R. , F.T. Maestre - Communications Biology, 3,325 - 2020. Scopus
  7. Impact of Saharan dust on the incidence of acute coronary syndrome - Domínguez-Rodríguez, A , , Baez-Ferrer,N , et al - Revista Española de Cardiología, - 2020. Scopus
  8. Are coastal desert necessarily dew desert? An example from the Tabernas Desert - Kidron, G.J , Lázaro,R. - Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, 68(1): 19-27 - 2020.
  9. Vertical Divergence of cultivable microfungal communities through biocrusted and bare soeil profiles at the Tabernas Desert, Spain - Grishkan, I , Lázaro,R. , Kidron, G.J. - Geomicrobiology Journal, - 2020.
  10. Transition Period Between Vegetation Growth and Senescence controlling interannual variability of C Fluxes in a Mediterranean Reed Wetland - Serrano-Ortiz, P. , Aranda-Barranco,S. , López-Ballesteros,A. , Lopez, C. , et al - Journal of Geophysical Research (Biogeosciences), v.125, issue 1 - 2020. Scopus
  11. Saharan Dust Events in the Dust Belt -Canary Islands- and the Observed Association with in-Hospital Mortality of Patients with Heart Failure - Alberto Dominguez-Rodríguez , Néstor Baez-Ferrer , , et al - Journal Clinical Medicine, 9(29, 376 - 2020. Scopus
  12. Biocrust landscape-scale spatial distribution is strongly controlled by terrain attributes: Topographic thresholds for colonization in a semiarid badland system - E. Rodríguez , Román,J.R. , Chamizo,S. , Roncero Ramos,B. , Cantón,Y. - Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, - 2019. Scopus
  13. The impact of naturally generated particulate matter emanating from desert dust storms and cardiovascular pathophysiology: an alarming worldwide reality - Dominguez-Rodriguez,A. , , Abreu-González,P. - European heart journal, 40(28): 2375-2376 - 2019. Scopus
  14. Spectral response analysis: An indirect and non-destructive methodology for the chlorophyll quantification of biocrusts - Román, J. , E. Rodríguez , et al - Remote Sensing, V. 11. Issue 11. Art nº 1350 - 2019. Scopus
  15. The first reintroduction project for mhorr gazelle (Nanger dama mhorr) into the wild: Knowledge and experience gained to support future conservation actions - Abáigar, T. , E. Rodríguez , Martínez, C. , Amaouch,Z. , Samlali, M.L. , Aparicio,F. , El Balla,T. , Essalhi,A. , Fernández,J. , García,F. , et al - Global Ecology and Conservation, 19 , art. nº e00680 - 2019. Scopus

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[Tesis Dirigidas y TFM/TFG]

Relacion de Tesis dirigidas por miembros del grupo de Desertification and Geo-ecology durante los últimos 5 años. Puede ver un relación completa de Tesis y otros Trabajos dirigidos en el link inferior.

Tesis
Ana López Ballesteros

Dirección: Francisco Domingo Penélope Serrano

"Determinación de la capacidad de asimilación de CO2 de ecosistemas del sureste de España"

2017 Universidad de Granada GEOE

Tesis
Lourdes Luna Ramos

Dirección: Albert Solé Benet, Isabel Miralles Mellado

"Restauración de canteras en roca calcárea en clima semiárido"

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2016 Universidad de Almería GEOE

Tesis
Mónica Ladrón de Guevara

Dirección: Roberto Lázaro Suau y Francisco Domingo Poveda

"Responses of Mediterranean semiarid vegetation to climate change and their implications for water and carbon balances"

2015 Universidad de Almería GEOE

TFM
Cayetana Gascón Ramos

Dirección: Roberto Lazaro

"Influencia de las costras físicas y biológicas del Desierto de Tabernas (Almería) en la escorrentía y erosión bajo condiciones de lluvia simuladas"

2019 U.Autónoma de Madrid y U.Complutense de Madrid GEOE

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Address

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Tel: (+34) 950951120 Tel: (+34) 950281045 Fax: (+34) 950277100 ISN: 0*1592 sip: 120000@eeza.csic.es Skype: voip.eeza

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